When Do Puppies Open Their Eyes and Ears For The First Time

When Do Puppies Open Their Eyes and Ears For The First Time
When Do Puppies Open Their Eyes and Ears For The First Time

Puppies are a lot of work and responsibility at any age, but they’re considerably more difficult to care for as infants. There are numerous things to keep an eye out for, particularly in the first few weeks following birth. Puppies continue to develop after birth, so it is critical to ensure that they develop at a healthy rate. When puppies are born, their eyes and ears are closed and cannot open for the first time after birth. Because the retinas in their eyes are still building and growing, they keep their eyes closed to shield them from light. But when do puppies open their eyes and ears for the first time after birth, hearing or seeing the world around them? Continue reading to learn when puppies open their eyes and ears for the first time after birth.

When Do Puppies Open Their Eyes For The First Time

In most situations, newborn puppies will open their eyes and ears for the first time between 10 and 14 days of age, but this might take up to 21 days. Some puppies may require a little more time. While some puppies open both eyes simultaneously, you may observe that your puppy opens one eye first, then the other later.

Because puppies’ eyes are particularly sensitive to light, they are born with their eyes and ears closed. When the nerves in your puppy’s eyes have matured sufficiently, they will open their eyes, and you will observe a rapid change in dog body language as they begin to investigate the world around them.

Keep in mind that some puppies may take longer than 14 days to open their eyes. If your puppy hasn’t opened their eyes in more than 14 days, you should take them to the clinic.

What Can Puppies See When They Are Born?

For the first two weeks after birth, a puppy’s eyes are closed. Your puppy’s eyes are more sensitive to light during this time, so they remain closed to protect themselves. Puppies normally begin to open their eyes after 10 to 14 days. Your puppy may open both eyes simultaneously or one at a time.

Even though pups’ eyes open at about 10 to 14 days old, their vision isn’t always clear. Your puppy’s vision will be fuzzy when it first opens its eyes, but this will fade within a few weeks. If your dog’s eyes are hazy or they haven’t opened their eyes in a few weeks, you should take them to the clinic.

When Do Puppies Open Their Eyes After Birth?

Puppies are particularly dependent on their mothers for the first 1–8 weeks of their lives because they require specific attention to be nourished and socialized. The mother will feed her puppies until they are old enough to eat on their own and no longer need her for survival.

The puppy will develop from an infant to a young puppy during the next few weeks. When they are physically able, they will begin to socialize in their surroundings. From engaging with their littermates to connecting with humans, the four- to seven-week period is the optimum time to introduce your puppy to a variety of people who will handle them gently.

Birth to 2 Weeks: From Closed to Open Eyes

Puppies are born with their eyes closed because they are still developing after birth. They are born without the ability to open their eyes since they do not require eyesight immediately. Because their bodies are immobile and the mother is usually nearby to feed them, eyesight isn’t the most critical sense to have as infants. In addition to having closed eyes, young puppies have closed ears at birth.

Puppies’ eyes and ears usually open for the first time around 10–14 days, or around two weeks of age. While this may seem like a long time, it is completely normal and required for a puppy’s development. Their eyes, however, are far from finished maturing at this stage. Their vision will be very fuzzy, both up close and far away, but they will be able to blink, open, and move their eyes.

2 to 6 Weeks: Vision Starts to Develop

Newborn puppies progress from near-blindness to some clarity from the time they open their eyes to the age of 6 weeks. While they won’t see much, their vision begins to alter and focus closer to them. Because their capacity to see at a distance does not develop until later, they are all nearsighted.

The next few weeks are very important for the eyes to grow normally, but puppies’ eyes are especially sensitive to bright light. Puppies should be kept in a dark place to protect their eyes and help them see better. They can begin to see the world around them as their eyes become accustomed to being open and taking in light.

6 to 8 Weeks: Clearer Focus and Vision

Puppies’ vision develops crisper and sharper around the age of 6 to 8 weeks. While they will still struggle with distance at this point, they will be able to differentiate between objects up close. Light sensitivity will be less of an issue, but extremely bright environments may still cause pain. Puppies will start to recognize their mother and other puppies at this age, even though they are already used to their smells.

When puppies reach the age of eight weeks, they will be able to see things from a distance more clearly and sharply. While their far vision is still improving, their close-up vision is usually finished developing. Puppies can also learn to recognize faces, which is why puppies as young as 8 weeks old are sometimes sold.

8 Weeks and Older: Fully Matured Vision

Puppies will begin to have fully functional vision at the age of 8 weeks. Their ability to see in the distance begins to strengthen, though it can take up to 16 weeks to fully develop. Your puppy’s eyes should be fully mature by the time he or she is 16 months old. Unless there are medical reasons for a delay in development, images at a distance and close-up should be clear and no longer blurry.

When Do Puppies Open Their Eyes and Ears?

Puppies are deaf at birth, and it takes time for their ear canals to open and their hearing to “turn on.” It takes puppies about 21 days after birth to open their eyes and ears for the first time, so puppies have a sense of smell at birth, then develop a sense of sight, and finally gain their hearing. At about the same time, their first baby teeth appear.

Pricking up their Ears

Puppies open their ears around the same time they open their eyes for the first time after birth. During the first two weeks of life, changes in pressure move the ear canals and other auditory structures in the ear into place. Because this is a delicate process, it’s best for puppies to be in a quiet environment. Loud sounds can damage a developing dog’s hearing fetus.

Once a puppy can hear, his hearing is far more acute than a human’s. If you’re wondering why your dog can hear the UPS truck before you, it’s because he can hear something four times farther away than people. Dogs can also hear a much wider range of sounds than people, including high-pitched sounds like dog whistles, and dog toys frequently have a high-pitched squeak that gets their attention.

Puppy Eye and Ear Problems

Puppies’ immune systems are still developing, so they will have a harder time fighting off a pathogen. If you go to a vet right away, you can avoid having dry eyes for life and scarring that can make it hard to see.

Similarly, an infection in a puppy’s ears before six weeks of age can be serious because it spreads quickly. At the same time, antibiotics and ear cleaners that could help an older puppy with an ear infection can be too harsh on a recently born puppy’s ears. Signs of an ear infection include a puppy shaking his head or rubbing his ears on the floor, as well as redness around the ear canal.

What if My 3-Week-Old Puppies Eyes and Ears Are Not Open?

Although puppies’ eyes and ears should be open for the first time in 14 days, some may take up to 3 weeks to open. Check for signs of swelling, bumps, or discharge, and talk to a vet to make sure everything is growing and developing normally.

Puppies may open their eyes as early as 2 weeks, but it can be difficult to tell if they are open since they may not open them very wide, so an open eye may appear closed. Watch their eyelids for squinting or movement, which may suggest blinking or opening.

How to Take Care of your Puppy’s Eyes

You need to understand the basics of puppy eye care now that you know when puppies’ eyes open. The good news is that you don’t have to do much to keep your puppy’s eyes healthy. Each morning, use a moist rag to wipe the crust away from your puppy’s eyes, which helps keep them clean and prevents irritation. During this time, you can also visually inspect your dog’s eyes to make sure there are no other warning signs of a problem, such as redness or foreign eyes.

If your puppy has a lot of hair growing around its eyes, you should take it to a groomer to have part of it clipped since hair and lashes growing into the eyes can cause irritation over time.
Medicated eye drops are often used to treat eye problems in dogs. You may be able to get these drops online through telemedicine for pets.


So, when do puppies open their eyes and ears for the first time after birth? In most situations, your puppy’s eyes and ears will open during the first 10 to 14 days. Your puppy’s ears may be completely developed and ready to process more sounds a few days after it opens its eyes. You can ask your veterinarian about the puppy’s growth schedule for further information.

Frequently Asked Questions

What should 1 week old puppies be doing?

During the first week, they will dedicate all of their energy to sleeping and feeding in order to acquire weight and strength. It’s a busy time for human caregivers, with long nights ahead to ensure that puppies and mothers have all they need.

How long before puppies open their eyes and start walking?

Physical maturation begins as soon as the puppies’ eyes open. They should be alert and attempting to stand by two weeks of age. They should be attempting to climb out of their nest or whelping box by three weeks. All of the puppies should be able to walk, run, and play for four weeks.

How do newborn puppies find their mom?

Most newborn puppies can automatically locate their mother’s nipples and begin feeding shortly after birth, or whelping. They will crawl towards the mother’s warm abdomen, find the teats, and begin to suckle once they have been cleaned off (by mom or a helpful human hand).

Can 3 week old puppies eat wet food?

Wet food can be introduced into the puppies’ diet if they are eating solid dry food consistently and are no longer breastfeeding their mother. Wet food can be introduced safely to most puppies around 6-8 weeks of age.

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